The first web page or webpage was created at CERN by Tim Berners-Lee on August 6, 1991. A web page or webpage is a document commonly written in HyperText Markup Language (HTML) that is accessible through the Internet or other network using an Internet browser. A web page is accessed by entering a URL address and may contain text, graphics, and hyperlinks to other web pages and files. The page you are reading now is an example of a web page.
Each web page represents various types of information presented to the visitor in an aesthetic and readable manner. Most of the web pages are available on the World Wide Web, which makes them widely accessible to the Internet public. Others may be also available online, but only restricted to a certain private network, such as a corporate intranet. The information in all those web pages is located on remote web servers in the form of text, image, or script files. A smaller amount of web pages are intended for home or test use and are located on local computers, which do not need an Internet connection to display them.
How does Webpages work?
The information on a web page is displayed online with the help of a web browser, which connects to the server where the website’s contents are hosted through the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). For instance, if you look at the URL of the web page you are on at the moment, you could notice the prefix ‘http://’, which tells the browser what protocol to use to execute the particular URL request.
Each web page’s contents are usually presented in HTML or XHTML format, which allows for the information to be easily structured and then quickly read by the client’s web browser. With the help of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets), designers can precisely control the web page’s look and feel, as far as layout, typographic elements, color scheme and navigation are concerned. CSS instructions can be either embedded within the HTML web page (valid for that particular page) or can be included in a separate external file (valid for the whole site).
Examples of a Webpage
Although the body of a web page is created using HTML, that HTML code can be created using an HTML editor and written by a human or generated using server side scripts or other scripts. Typically a web page generated by a human ends with a .htm or .html file extension.
What is the difference between a Website and Webpage?
A website refers to a central location that contains more than one web page. For example, www.landingpagedesigners.com is considered a website, which contains thousands of different pages, including this web page you are reading now.
A website is a group of World Wide Web pages usually containing hyperlinks to each other and made available online by an individual, company, educational institution, government, or organization.
Visitors can access a certain website by simply typing its name in the address bar of their web browsers. The Website names are made up by their owners and represent an easy-to-remember combination of letters and numbers, more popular as domain names or sub-domains. When you visit a website, you just use the site’s domain name, with the Domain Name System (DNS) taking care of placing the domain on the specified web hosting server. Depending on the purpose it serves, a website could be owned and administered by an individual, an organization or a company.
The remarkable progress in website creation technologies and the limitless capabilities of the human imagination has determined the great variety of websites we see today on the web. However, they all contain some basic elements that make them easily recognizable by users in terms of functionality – a home page (also known as index page), the first page we see when entering a site; a navigation menu – the main guide to the website’s contents; a footer area with important links, copyright information, etc. With the help of hyperlinks the visitor is taken from one web page of a site to another in a logic-driven way, which considerably increases the website’s usability.